Carbon, biodiversity & ecosystem services:
exploring co-benefits

Global Scale

At UNFCCC COP14 in 2008, UNEP-WCMC released Carbon and biodiversity: a demonstration atlas (Kapos et al. 2008). Using global datasets on carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystems and areas of high priority for biodiversity conservation, the demonstration atlas helped illustrate areas where high carbon stocks coincided with areas of high biodiversity priority. This showcased the potential of spatial analyses to assist decision-makers in identifying areas where climate change mitigation measures, such as reducing emissions from land use change, could concurrently help to secure biodiversity benefits.

The global carbon map produced by Kapos et al. (2008) has since been updated to incorporate finer scale data on soil carbon.

Despite their relative coarseness, global scale data can be helpful for understanding broad scale patterns of environmental, social and economic features and how these relate to one another. We will continue working on combining additional datasets with the global carbon map to illustrate the relationships between carbon and co-benefits of climate change mitigation measures at broad geographical scales. Such data may not be appropriate for national level decision-making, which needs to be supported by data generated at national or regional scales.