Carbon Storage in Ecosystems
Terrestrial ecosystems play a vital role in the global carbon cycle, helping to store almost three times as much carbon as is in the atmosphere. Maintaining and enhancing existing carbon reservoirs is one of the highest priorities for climate change mitigation.
Biodiversity encompasses the variety of life on earth, and is a prerequisite for ecosystem services. Efforts to conserve biodiversity alongside activities that maintain and enhance carbon stocks could maximise this beneficiary role, including biodiversity’s role in climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Recent negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have indicated that co-benefits are likely to be included in future mitigation activities, particularly those related to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD).