Carbon, biodiversity & ecosystem services:
exploring co-benefits


The UNCCD promotes four areas of its activities for collaboration with the other Rio Conventions. These are: to strengthen institutional linkages; test operational options as part of the Joint Work Programme (JWP) with the CBD; develop common policies and strategies, particularly through the JLG; and support country-driven initiatives (ICCD/COP(6)/4).

Many of the objectives in the UNCCD’s 10 Year Strategic Plan and Framework to Enhance the Implementation of the Convention , which was adopted unanimously in 2007 (Decision 3/COP8), address the linkages between desertification, climate change and biodiversity. For example, one objective is to improve the condition of affected ecosystems through, inter alia, reducing vulnerability of affected ecosystems to climate change, climate and climate variation. Another objective is to generate global benefits through effective implementation of the UNCCD, with the expectation that "sustainable land management and combating desertification/land degradation [will] contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the mitigation of climate change.

Other areas where interlinkages between the UNCCD and the other Rio Conventions occur include a joint programme of work on the biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands adopted in 2000 by CBD COP 5, and managed jointly by the UNCCD and CBD Secretariats (Zeidler and Mulongoy 2003); a 2004 workshop organised by the UNCCD Secretariat aimed at promoting synergy between the three Rio Conventions; and UNCCD Secretariat-facilitated national synergy workshops aimed at strengthening cooperation among national focal points, and encouraging stakeholders of the three conventions to "seek common threads for cooperation".